Tobacco is an important commercial crop grown in India. It occupies the third position in the world with an annual production of about 800 Million Kgs. Of the different types grown, flue-cured tobacco, country tobacco, burley, bidi, rustica and chewing tobacco are considered important. India stands 3rd in production of tobacco and in exports, Brazil and USA are ahead of India.
Tobacco and tobacco products earn a whopping annual sum of about Rs.19,891.50 Cr. to the national exchequer by way of excise duty, and Rs.4979 Cr. by way of foreign exchange during the year 2012-13. Furthermore, tobacco is a source of gainful employment. Several lakhs of people thrive on this weed crop.
Flue-cured growth, with an annual production of about 265 million Kgs, is the singular type, which contributes huge amount of forex and excise earnings. More or less, 50% of the FCV tobacco produced is consumed domestically while the rest is exported to more than 100 countries across the globe. Other tobacco types viz., Burley, Country tobacco, Chewing tobaccos (Lal chopadia, Judi and Rustica) are also exported whereas bidi tobacco - a poor man's smoke - is consumed only within the country.
Flue-cured Virginia tobacco is the principal type grown in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka under varied agro-climatic conditions. It is grown in the light soils of Karnataka as rain-fed crop and in the heavy soils of Andhra Pradesh under conserved moisture in the aftermath of Southwest monsoon rains. The crop is grown under irrigated conditions in the Northern Light Soils (NLS) of Andhra Pradesh and Eastern Light Soils (ELS) of Orissa and as a semi-monsoon crop in Southern Light Soils (SLS) of Andhra Pradesh. Thus, India is endowed with a vast potential to produce different types of tobacco so as to cater to the interests of the discerning customers.
The Govt. of India established the Tobacco Board under an Act of Parliament in the year 1975 (brought to effect from 1.1.1976) and opened its head quarters at Guntur, Andhra Pradesh with a view to bring about an all-round development to the tobacco industry.
ISO 9001:2008 Certification to Indian Tobacco Board
The Indian Tobacco Board, in furtherance of its objectives strive to provide superior service to its customers namely, growers and traders in a systematic manner. M/s. Det Norkse Veritas (DNV), Netherlands bestowed the honour of ISO 9001:2008 certificate to the Indian Tobacco Board for establishing quality management systems. The Tobacco Board has implemented systems aimed at achieving product integrity and traceability, model project area and quality circles concept to improve the quality of tobacco leaf so as to meet the specifications of importers. The Board, committed to meeting the needs of customers, advises all the Indian exporters to obtain ISO certification with a view to meet the expectations of the global market.